COMMON MEDICAL CONDITIONS 

Most Common Medical Conditions affecting older people. 

Parkinson’s disease: chronic and progressive condition which damages and affects parts of the brain, caused by a loss of nerve cells in a part of the brain called in the substantia nigra, which leads to a reduction in a chemical in the brain called dopamine.  

Symptoms: Slow movement, Involuntary shaking, Stiff and inflexible muscles.

Cancer: is a disease where cells in the body replicate abnormally and cause a tumour.

Chronic Bronchitis: a respiratory infection condition caused by either a virus or bacteria, irritating and inflaming the bronchi of the lungs, causing an overproduction of mucus.

Symptoms: coughing, headaches, sore throat, blocked  or runny nose, chest pain, fatigue.

Coronary heart disease:  occours when the heart’s blood supply is blocked or interrupted by a build-up of fatty substance in the coronary arteries.

Causes: High cholesterol, Diabetes, Smoking, High blood pressure, Obesity.

Dementia: a progressive disorder that affects the brain’s memory capacity, language and understanding.

Symptoms: Forgetting where you are or what date it is. Difficulty remembering recent events. Difficulty judging distance. Struggle to follow along a conversation or to find the right words

Diabetes: condition caused by the pancreas not producing enough insulin. 

Arthritis: the breakdown of tissue inside the joints. It causes pain, restricted movement of the area, inflammation and a weakness within the joints.

Blindness: Loss of vision due to  age-related macular degeneration .

Epilepsy: neurological condition that results in seizures. 

Multiple sclerosis: neurological condition that affects the spinal cord and the brain. It can cause serious disability problems with vision, movement and even balance.

Symptoms: Difficulty walking, blurred vision, balance problems, fatigue, muscle stiffness.

Deep Vein Thrombosis: caused by a blood clot in your deep veins, commonly found in the legs. This condition can also lead to further complications, including pulmonary embolism.

Shingles: is a skin condition which is due to the fact that your body’s immune system becomes weaker with aging. It is caused by the same virus which causes chickenpox, and only those who have had chickenpox can develop shingles. It will cause a rash or blisters to form on your skin, which becomes extremely itchy.

Hypertension: a health condition whereby the blood pressure in the arteries is constantly elevated.

Asthma: occurs when the body’s airways are sensitive to allergens and become inflamed, causing the airway muscles to tighten and narrow, which makes it hard to breathe.

Symptoms: Being out of breath, Constant coughing, tight sensation in the chest.

Osteoporosis: condition that weakens the bones, losing bone mass and increasing risk of fracture injuries. 

Stroke: occurs when the blood supply to a part of the brain is cut off.

Chronic Kidney Disease: medical condition which have an affect on your kidney, such as kidney infections, high blood pressure, diabetes and kidney inflammation.

Cholesterol: a fatty substance which is created by the liver and is also found in some foods. It is then carried around your body by proteins in your blood. 

Causes: Smoking, unhealthy diet, diabetes, high blood pressure, family history of heart disease or stroke.


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